Sperm donation is a voluntary and supportive act that is done anonymously to help couples and single women realize their dream of becoming fathers and mothers.
Within assisted reproduction, sperm donation is considered in three main cases: male sterility or genetic abnormalities, single women or female couples.
Unlike egg donation, sperm donation is much less invasive and does not require any surgical intervention or anesthesia. This is because the procedure involves ejaculation through masturbation.
In order for a man to be eligible to donate, he undergoes several tests and analyses. Among them: serology, psychological tests, andrological tests and genetic tests.
Serological tests are blood tests performed to detect sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV, hepatitis B, hepatitis C or VDRL. Psychological tests are those that will let us know that you can pass the sperm donation process.
Andrological tests include a seminogram to confirm the quality of the semen sample. And finally, the genetic tests. These allow us to verify that there is no major genetic disease in the donor in order to be suitable for donation.
In conclusion, the requirements to donate sperm in Spain are: to be between 18 and 35 years old, not to suffer from any sexual disease, not to have a history of genetic diseases, to enjoy good physical and mental health, to have a high level of semen quality.
Frequently asked questions
- Can the couple or single woman choose the sperm donor? The process of sperm donation in Spain is completely anonymous. Therefore, no center or doctor can reveal the identity of the donor.
- How is the sperm donor chosen? The donor will be chosen according to the phenotypic characteristics and genetic compatibility of the recipient woman.