The ROPA method is a type of fertility treatment that allows a couple of women to both participate in the in vitro fertilization process. That is to say, one of them donates the egg that is fertilized with the sperm of a donor and the other one gestates the embryo and lives the pregnancy.
Generally, couples of women usually do the IAD, but in this case only one of them can live the whole process. On the other hand, the ROPA method allows us to synchronize the ovulation cycles of both women to stimulate them to be ready to become mothers, sharing the experience.
The ovarian puncture is performed in the operating room under very light sedation for about 15 minutes so as not to cause discomfort. The eggs are then fertilized with the sperm of the anonymous donor in the laboratory.
Then, the endometrium is prepared and the transfer of the highest quality embryos to the couple is performed, without sedation, 5 days after fertilization.
The ROPA method has a 95% success rate. This is because normally, with the female partner, it is not a fertility problem, but the sperm donor is missing.
So, on the one hand, you need to choose the right sperm donor and, on the other hand, you choose who will donate the egg and who will gestate the embryo. This is decided together with the medical team because it will depend on the results of different tests to be performed.
There is always the possibility of doing a genetic test to check the compatibility of the sperm donor with the woman who donates the egg. In this way, it can be confirmed that there are no recessive diseases in common, thus preventing them from being actively present in the embryo.
Frequently asked questions
- What is stimulation like in the ROPA method? This treatment works in the same way as IVF or in vitro fertilization. That is, the stimulation of the ovaries is done in a controlled manner over 8-12 days in order to extract the eggs at the time of the puncture.
- What happens to the embryos that remain frozen? They will remain frozen in case they want to be used for new IVF cycles or until their destination is decided.
- Can the couple choose the donor? No. This is a totally anonymous process and the medical team is in charge of the selection.